Stock in previous periods can be a useful indicator in analyzing your stock positions through time per material or material group. Standard SAP report MC.9 offers this functionality:
Label printing can be configured in more than one way. It can be done through your regular output determination, but also through SAP’s ‘special’ label printing set up. This post is about the last. If you’re not sure what I’m talking about check out the below screen shot of the labeling settings in the material master’s Plant data 1 tab:
Here I can specify a label type and a label form. What these do exactly you can read further on. Before I move on to the customizing settings involved in label printing, let me warn you that this functionality does not go together with labels designed in SmartForm at all! Also we chose for SapScript label since we want to print on Avery A4 label pages. SmartForm does not support this. For this example I will set up label printing for goods receipt in MIRO.
Independent requirements and dependent requirements are the two main types of requirements you encounter when configuring SAP planning. This is what they are:
It’s possible that a posting needs to be done in the previous period for correction purpose. For this you can use transaction MMRV. This is one of those actions that belongs to Finance. You don’t want to mess with this without their approval (at least in production).
If you ran into this post because you got the message that posting is only allowed in a previous fiscal period, you’re posting periods were not updated in time. To solve this issue you go here.
In some cases it may be necessary to exclude a storage location from ATP (and MRP). This is often the case at companies who e.g. keep inventory on materials that are stored in a well-sized showroom. How you can block a storage location for MRP, I explained in an earlier post. This will give you some pointers on blocking for Available-to-Promise.
It is possible to let MRP propose the preferred (or fixed) vendor for your external procurement. This is especially useful in a scenario where a central purchasing department is dictating vendor selection, but where the actual procurement decisions (quantity and timing) is done elsewhere (e.g. production dept for procurement of raw materials). This post will give you the step-by-step:
Standard purchase order pricing is based on date of purchase order creation. Some vendors let their sales prices be determined by the date on which they deliver the goods (i.e. delivery date). SAP offers standard configuration for this through Pricing date category.
The two most relevant pricing date alternatives probably are delivery date and goods receipt (GR) date. You can set this category on different locations:
- Vendor Master – Purchasing tab (MK01)
- Contracts – Item: Additional data tab (ME31K)
- Inforecords – Purchasing Org Data 1 tab (ME11)
Since pricing date is usually determined per vendor, setting the pricing date category on vendor level is often sufficient as the value is copied at time of inforecord/contract creation.
A suitable lot-size for continuous production can be hard to come up with. Picture the situation of a mineral oils manufacturer that refines crude oil to 3 co-products. The planner wishes to control the process flow to align the production with demand (i.e. the refinery is not continuously refining at the same speed as it would in make-to-stock). Another requirement for ATP is that the production quantities are issued on a daily basis. Hence we want MRP to come up with weekly planned orders that are distributed on a daily basis. In abundance: 1 planned/process order per week, with equal quantities released per day.
MRP and Consumption-based planning are two fundamental SAP planning types that can be used to determine a product’s requirements. To avoid any confusion on the subject: I am not talking about the MRP run that is executed through MD01 and MD02. I’m talking about planning types that are set in the Material Master’s MRP1 tab. The MRP type is used in the MRP run to determine HOW procurement and/or production quantities are calculated.
The dead stock report often leads to misinterpretations. Hence a little guidance on the dead stock report.
The dead stock report analyses what part of stock is never touched in a defined period of time. If you look at the below graph you will see stock level through time.
In analyzing stock movement between period 1 and 5, stock never drops below 30. 30 is your dead stock. It’s the part of stock that was never touched. Now what does this tell you? That’s not easy to say: